Area B


Area B is located on the western side of the Mound B, the second hill of the site that was already investigated by R. Koldewey in 1887. Here a trench (10 x 5 m) has been opened. Several parts of mud bricks walls have been identified as belonging to at least two different occupational phases, all to be dated to the Ubaid 4 Period (according to the pottery materials found in the different strata and on the floors).

The main wall (W.29) with East-West orientation probably belongs to the oldest phase, it reaches now a thickness of 2.5 m but the northern limit has not been identified yet. On its southern facade, this wall has the recess and buttresses typical architectural decoration of the Mesopotamian public buildings since the Ubaid Period.

New associated floors (L. 27) has been discovered related to the last chronological phase of occupation of the building. The most ancient floor (L. 30) has been partially recovered in the south-western sector of the trench in correspondence to the presence of at least five stands in situ. These objects, dated to the  Ubaid 4 Period, had good parallels with the stands discovered in the Temple VI of Eridu.



In 2017 season the Area B was enlarged. On the northern side of the new trench a lower phase of buildings was identified (Phase ...). Inside three small rooms delimited by narrow mudbricks wall, two platforms of clay and mudbricks were identified. Inside the room a filling layer with several bones pertaining to different kind of fishes, river and sea shells, clay weights for fish-nets and clay sickles have been discovered. The findings permit to hypothesize a building related to frequent fishing activities and storage of fishes.

In the central and southern parts of the new trench other phases related to the main Ubaid temple already discovered in 2015 have been discovered.